On July 1, 2018,
chislic officially became South Dakota’s state nosh. It is the most recent of many South Dakota state symbols, which are listed in state law at Chapter 1-6 – but no need to click on that link, because they are also listed below!
State seal and State Motto (1889). The South Dakota state seal is described in Article XXI, section 1 of the Constitution of South Dakota. The Constitution also sets the state motto as “Under God the People Rule” and requires that it appear on the state seal.
State floral emblem (1903) – American pasque flower. The scientific name of the flower is the pulsatilla hirsutissima; the floral motto is “I lead.”
State flag (1909). The first state flag included a yellow sun with the words “South Dakota The Sunshine State” on one side; on the reverse side was the state seal.
State flag (1963, 1992). A flag with two different sides was expensive to produce, so in 1963, the state seal was integrated into the golden sun. In 1992, “The Sunshine State” was replaced by “The Mount Rushmore State” (see below).
State song (1943) – “Hail! South Dakota” by Deecort Hammitt. The Secretary of State’s office provides a link to the sheet music.
State bird (1943) – Chinese ring-neck pheasant. South Dakota may not be the only state that hunts its state bird, but we certainly have the most enthusiasm in doing so.
State tree (1947) – Black Hills spruce.
State animal (1949) – Coyote. The coyote is also the mascot of the University of South Dakota. The legislation adopting the coyote as the state animal was signed by Gov. George T. Mickelson, who had been USD’s student body president.
State mineral stone (1966) – Rose quartz.
State gemstone (1966) – Fairburn agate.
State grass (1970) – Western wheat grass.
State insect (1978) – Honey bee.
State fish (1982) – Walleye.
State drink (1986) – Milk. The statute specifies that the state drink is lac vaccum, or the milk of a cow.
State fossil (1988) – Triceratops.
State jewelry (1988) – Black Hills gold. The term “Black Hills gold” can only be used in reference to jewelry manufactured in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
State musical instrument (1989) – Fiddle. A fiddle is usually a violin, used for playing folk music.
State soil (1990) – Houdek. The statute specifies that the state soil is “fine-loamy, mixed, mesic typic argiustolls.
State nickname (1992) – “The Mount Rushmore State.” The previous nickname, “The Sunshine State,” had been featured on the state flag since 1909 but had never been specifically adopted. The change to “The Mount Rushmore State” was intended to promote South Dakota’s most famous site, and the state flag was changed accordingly. South Dakota has also been known informally as “The Land of Infinite Variety.”
State hall of fame (1996) – South Dakota Hall of Fame, Chamberlain.
State dessert (2000) – Kuchen. Kuchen is German for “cake,” and it is a traditional custard dessert, often with fruit, in a sweet pastry crust.
State sport (2003) – Rodeo.
State fishing museum (2004) – The Museum of Wildlife, Science and Industry, Webster.
State bread (2005) – Fry bread.
State mining museum (2014) – Black Hills Mining Museum, Lead.
State Civilian Conservation Corps museum (2016) – The Civilian Conservation Corps Museum, Hill City
State nosh (2018) – Chislic. “Nosh” is a Yiddish word, meaning “a snack.” Chislic is cubed, deep-fried red meat. Originally lamb meat, it is also often made from beef.